Feature Neutral Correlation


Feature neutral correlation (FNC) is the correlation of a model with the target, after its predictions have been neutralized to all of Numerai’s features.

A model that is overly reliant on a small set of features will have a low FNC, but might still have a high correlation in the short term. However, it is also more likely to burn significantly in the long term.

A model that uses a diverse set of features and is still correlated with the targets will have a high FNC, and is more likely to have consistent performance over the long term.


To calculate a user's FNC for a given round we

  • Normalize the predictions in their submission

  • Neutralize their submission to Numerai's features for that round

  • Calculate the Spearman rank-order correlation of their neutralized submission to the target

def calculate_fnc(sub, targets, features):
sub (pd.Series)
targets (pd.Series)
features (pd.DataFrame)
# Normalize submission
sub = (sub.rank(method="first").values - 0.5) / len(sub)
# Neutralize submission to features
f = features.values
sub -= f.dot(np.linalg.pinv(f).dot(sub))
sub /= sub.std()
sub = pd.Series(np.squeeze(sub)) # Convert np.ndarray to pd.Series
# FNC: Spearman rank-order correlation of neutralized submission to target
fnc = np.corrcoef(sub.rank(pct=True, method="first"), targets)[0, 1]
return fnc


Read more about feature neutralization and feature exposure here.